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Pinto beans (Leguminocae)

ORIGIN & VARIETIES
Pinto beans originated in Mexico over 7000 years ago. Called "Frijol Pinto" in Spanish literally meaning "freckled bean", these cream colored  and rounded legumes have pretty redish speckles. Pinto, kidney, black beans, haricot, lima, mung and string beans are all members of the Phaseolus vulgaris variety, known as common beans. They were introduced into North America by native Americans and brought to Europe by early European explorers from the 15th century onwards.

There are at least 10 cultivars of the Pinto bean, amongst which: -Burke: Genetically modified, created from a cross between the Othello/Sierra seeds in 1988 in the US, it was released in 1997. 
-Hidatsa: n/a
-Maverick: Genetically modified in the US, it was released in 1996. 
-Othello: Genetically modified in the US, it was released in 1997. 
-Santa Fe: Genetically modified in the US, it was released in 2008. 
-Sierra: n/a
-Quincy: Genetically modified, created from a cross between a breed of Othello in the US, it was released but not public. 
Today, the largest producers of these dried common beans are India, China, Mexico, Brazil and the US.

HEALTH BENEFITS

ANTI CANCER /BREAST In comparison to a long list of known antioxidants founds in blueberries, broccoli, apples, onions and more, beans and lentils are the only ones to actively protect against breast cancer. Get cooking!

DIABETES
The high fiber content in common beans stabilises sugar levels and prevents spikes so are great for diabetes candidates, people with high insulin levels or hypoglycemia.

FLUSH THE SYSTEM
Dried beans relieve the kidneys and are great diuretics.  
The adzuki bean in particular ensures good bowel movement, interrupts diarrhea and liberates the digestive tract from toxins. They also interrupt vomiting.
HEART HEALTH
A good source of fiber, common beans lower cholesterol levels.
Also rich in antioxidants, folic acid, vitamin B6 and magnesium, they help lower levels of homocysteine which in high levels cause heart attacks, strokes and peripheral vascular diseases.

PLANT PROTEINS
Dried beans are very rich in protein, happy veggies!

REPAIR & REPLENISH
Dried beans provide the right aid to the proper function of our organs. They are nutritious and regenerate our nervous system. Aren’t they soothing!

SUPER RICH
In vitamins and minerals these beans contain iron, manganese, copper, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, selenium, calcium, potassium and vitamins B9, B1, B2, B5 B6 & E.

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